Home Forums CNC Technology CNC Cutting vs. Laser Cutting: What to Know the Difference

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    Marian Wang

    Using CNC routers and laser cutters, producers are able to make high-quality parts and components. What is the difference between cnc cutting and laser cutting?

    Kanye Z

    CNC routers and laser cutters share many of the same features, thus it can be difficult to tell the two apart. Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machines are used in precision engineering to control each tool. The two are utilized in a wide range of manufacturing operations. Each provides a boost in efficiency, performance, capability, and waste reduction in the cutting of components.

    Using stock material, CNC routers and laser cutters execute programmed precision subtractive procedures. Workpieces may be cut automatically on any number of axes with the computer-controlled tools. There are virtually no limitations to the number of designs that may be created.

    Cutting using a CNC machine vs cutting with a laser has several distinct advantages and disadvantages. Manufacturers gain from the specific characteristics, advantages, and benefits that each application provides. For each application, there are important distinctions that must be taken into account while choosing the optimal approach. Look a little closer.

    CNC machines
    Using a CNC router is like using a portable router, but with the added benefit of CNC cutting’s increased adaptability and versatility. Cutting and engraving materials using a CNC router can be done quickly and accurately. For cutting metal plates such as steel, aluminum, and other metals to exacting specifications like laser cutters, a plasma cutter is suitable.

    Computer-controlled motion and precise placement are precisely controlled by designs programmed into CNC machines, allowing the router to precisely cut or carve material along specified axes. In manufacturing processes, speed, efficiency, and simplicity of use combine to maximize production and improve product quality.

    CNC router procedures produce far less material waste than traditional cutting methods, such as slicing. Lower material costs can be achieved through reducing waste. It all adds up to savings in both time and money when you factor in the enhanced production.

    Cutters using Lasers
    The laser cutter is guided by a CNC machine in the same way as a router. There is a significant variation in the method used to cut the meat. A concentrated, high-powered laser beam is used to cut unique shapes and patterns from stock material in this non-contact, thermal-based method. There’s no need for custom-built equipment either. Cutting relies on heat in order to make precise and accurate cuts. A high-energy beam rather than a chisel is used to cut through the material.

    Many other materials may be used in the fabrication process including metals, glass, plastic foam, gemstones, wood, and corrugated paper. Multiple procedures can be carried out using a single laser cutting equipment.

    More complicated forms and shapes can be frequently and consistently produced with CNC machining since laser cutting leverages this technology. This means that it can continuously generate more sophisticated components to extremely high levels of precision and smoothness. There are no additional steps required to clean, polish or finish the surface because of the high-quality cuts.

    Lasers are capable of efficiently cutting through even the strongest metals and jewels. However, they are perfect for quick prototyping with a high degree of accuracy. Using wood or different plastic materials, it is a rapid and efficient method of cutting patterns. This may be demonstrated in the short time it takes to create prototypes. It is possible to create new versions practically as rapidly as new versions are tested.

    There are several advantages to using CNC and laser cutting in the creation of precise parts and components. The two services complement one other, despite their significant distinctions.

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