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  • Thomes JJ

    This is yet another crucial phrase used in CNC machining. This phrase also describes how reliable a machine tool is. In essence, precision is a measure that describes a measurement system’s capacity to consistently return the same measure. You might refer to it as the measurement system’s repeatability. Therefore, you must ensure strong repeatability of the system if you want to obtain accurate information that you can utilize for further calculations. In addition, it is crucial that a measurement system be both accurate and exact.

    in reply to: How to choose the right CMM probe? #2121
    Thomes JJ

    It is customary to employ a ratio of CMM uncertainty to feature tolerance of at least 1:5 for determining how accurate a CMM measurement must be (1:10 is ideal, but can prove to be too expensive to be practical in many cases). This ratio offers a safety buffer that guarantees the findings have a low level of uncertainty in comparison to the component’s anticipated range of variation. The accuracy debate should be over as long as a 1:5 ratio can be maintained on the tightest tolerance.

    Sadly, something as seemingly insignificant as replacing the stylus on a probe can have a surprising amount of impact on the potential true accuracy, leading to noticeable fluctuation in the measurement findings. The annual calibration of the CMM is insufficient to verify this precision because it only verifies the results obtained with the test stylus (usually a very short one). This is most likely the most accurate scenario. We need to understand how the stylus affects measurement uncertainty in order to fully comprehend the possible precision of a larger range of measurements.
    The four primary stylus selection factors that have an impact on CMM accuracy will be examined in this section:
    1. Sphericity of stylus balls (roundness)
    2. The bent stylus
    3. Heat Resistance
    4. Material selection for stylus tips (scanning applications)

    in reply to: How accurate are CMM machines #2012
    Thomes JJ

    The accuracy of coordinate measurement devices is often expressed in terms of an uncertainty factor that decreases linearly with increasing distance. This pertains to the repeatability of the touch probe used by a CMM as well as the accuracy of the linear scales used by the CMM. The typical repeatability of a probe can produce measurements that are accurate to within.001 millimeters or.00005 inches (half of one ten-thousandth) across the entirety of the measuring volume. For machines with three, three plus two, or five axes, the probes are regularly calibrated utilizing standards that can be traced, and the machine movement is validated utilizing gauges to verify accuracy.

    In accordance with ISO 10360, the length measurement variation remains below E=(0.8+L/600) m throughout the whole measuring volume. The high measuring point density enables the measurement of the smallest component tolerances and the precise calculation of the relative position of these individual measurements, even at greater distances. Consequently, optical measurement of the entire component is no longer required. Measuring the pertinent surface parameters is all that is required. This minimizes total measuring times.

    The ambient thermal environment in which a coordinate measuring machine operates is one of the primary factors that determine the level of accuracy that may be achieved by the device. Temperature changes cause the scales, the structure of the machine, and the artifacts that are being measured to expand, compress, and in some cases deform in a manner that is not linear. This is because the temperature is a nonlinear variable.

    How to verify the accuracy of CMM?
    Two calibration standards certify the accuracy of the CMM coordinate measuring system. The CMM CalibrationTool is designed for long-distance measurements and verification and is made of Invar steel and calibrated by DAkkS. It shows calibrated sphere distances of 10, 50, 100, 200, 300, and 400 millimeters (mm). The Advanced CMM Calibration Tool calibrated by METAS is used to verify smaller distances and form deviations.

    in reply to: What is functional testing in QA #1580
    Thomes JJ

    Functional testing is usually for the normal work of softwares.

    Some of the common functional testing types:
    Unit testing. The practice of testing individual components within a larger system. You must first ensure that each component of a software program can be tested independently before proceeding to a full system test. Unit testing ensures that the inputs (one to a few) to a unit result in the lone desired output. This form of software testing serves as a building block for more complex, integrated programs. A well-executed unit test can improve the quality of an application’s code and speed up its development. Automated unit tests are frequently used by software developers.

    Component testing, also known as module testing, is a form of testing that focuses on a single component of an application. Component testing is similar to unit testing in that it examines a single piece of software. Component testing is done by testers in a black-box format, while unit testing is done by developers in a white-box format to ensure that program modules are working properly. This is the main difference between the two. A stub and driver can be used to simulate interactions between other software components that are dependent on the component being tested.

    The sanity testing performed by QA professionals on new versions of stable builds is a type of regression testing that verifies new functionality or bug fixes. However, sanity testing differs from smoke testing in that it is unscripted and only focuses on the area of the code that has undergone a change.

    Regression testing is a type of testing. There is no guarantee that a functional test will pass every time. When new code is added or a feature is altered, you run regression tests to ensure that the software still performs as it was designed to. Regression testing ensures that a product’s stability is not jeopardized by changes to it. Automated regression tests are quite common today.

    Incorporation tests. In many cases, integration and unit testing are performed at the same time. Integration testing is used by QA professionals to ensure that all of a product’s components work together as a whole. Microservices, self-contained applications designed to perform a single task, are common in many modern applications. The application won’t function properly if these microservices can’t communicate with one another. Integration testing is used to ensure that these components work together and communicate with each other.

    API testing. As users expect their apps to work together, the use of application programming interfaces (APIs) is on the rise. Testers verify that API connections and responses, including how they handle data and user permissions, work as intended with API testing.

    User interface (UI) testing. An important aspect of software quality assurance is the use of user interface (UI) testing. As part of this, we conduct testing of UI controls like buttons, menus, and text input to ensure that the experience flow and features selected are optimal for the user.

    System testing involves QA experts testing the software as a whole, as a finished product. This type of functional testing verifies that the entire software package meets all of the requirements through integration. It is not necessary for testers to know how the app or website was programmed in order to provide feedback on its functionality and performance. This aids in the creation of test cases that can be used in the future. End-to-end testing and system testing are both terms used interchangeably.

    White-box testing occurs when the software’s internal infrastructure, code, and design can be viewed by the developer or tester. This approach includes various functional testing types, including unit, integration, and system testing. An approach known as “white-box testing” involves testing the program’s code against a number of different aspects, such as inputs and outputs that have been pre-defined and expected results.

    Black-box testing, in contrast to white-box testing, entails testing a system without access to its internal code, paths, or infrastructure. Consequently, testers use this technique to verify the expected outputs against the specific inputs. A “black box” test is one in which a QA expert does not examine the source code before performing the actual testing. The organization can test the software in the same way that a customer would by using black-box testing. Depending on the goal of the test, different types of non-functional and functional testing are included in black-box testing.

    in reply to: What can a Dnc Machine make? #1146
    Thomes JJ

    Direct Numerical Control (DNC) System Functions

      The central computer is where all of the machine tools’ programs are stored and edited.
      Basis distributes the stored program to the connected machines based on demand.
      It integrates CAD and CAM by using a shared database.
      Even if the plant computers are extremely far apart, it provides a connectivity between the central computer and the network-connected plant computers.
    in reply to: What Is A Cnc Lathe Used For? #1145
    Thomes JJ

    This fashion of lathe is commonly used beneath CNC manipulate. Most CNC Swiss-style lathes these days use one or most important spindles plus one or two again spindles (secondary spindles). The fundamental spindle is used with the manual bushing for the principle machining operations.

    in reply to: Why get ASQ quality inspection certified? #1144
    Thomes JJ

    5 Key Benefits of Training with ASQ:
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